What are Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills?
A Warrior Task and Battle Drill (WTBD) is defined as a skill taught in either Basic Training (BCT) or One Station Unit Training (OSUT) to train Soldiers how to survive on the battlefield.
- A Warrior Task is an individual Soldier skill. These particular skills are deemed critical to Soldier survival. Examples include weapons training, tactical communications, urban operations, and first aid.
- Battle Drills are group skills designed to teach a unit to react and survive in common combat situations. Examples include react to ambush, react to chemical attack, and evacuate injured personnel from a vehicle.
What has the Army done?
- WTBDs increase the relevance of training to current combat requirements and enhance the rigor in training. Lessons learned from Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom were the driving forces for change.
- In Advanced Individual Training (AIT), selected WTBD (urban operations, combatives, convoy operations, advanced rifle marksmanship, and rifle qualification if the AIT is longer than 23 weeks) are reinforced. Additionally, AIT school commandants may retrain any of the WTBD they deem critical to specific specialties.
- Currently there are 39 Warrior Tasks and 9 Battle Tasks being taught.
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FM 25-101 defines a battle drill as “a collective action rapidly executed without applying a deliberate decision-making process.”
a. Characteristics of a battle drill are–
- They require minimal leader orders to accomplish and are standard throughout the Army.
- Sequential actions are vital to success in combat or critical to preserving life.
- They apply to platoon or smaller units.
- They are trained responses to enemy actions or leader’s orders.
- They represent mental steps followed for offensive and defensive actions in training and combat.
b. A platoons ability to accomplish its mission often depends on soldiers and leaders to execute key actions quickly. All soldiers and their leaders must know their immediate reaction to enemy contact as well as follow-up actions. Drills are limited to situations requiring instantaneous response; therefore, soldiers must execute drills instinctively. This results from continual practice. Drills provide small units with standard procedures essential for building strength and aggressiveness.
- They identify key actions that leaders and soldiers must perform quickly.
- They provide for a smooth transition from one activity to another; for example, from movement to offensive action to defensive action.
- They provide standardized actions that link soldier and collective tasks at platoon level and below. (Soldiers perform individual tasks to CTT or SDT standard.)
- They require the full understanding of each individual and leader, and continual practice.
Dan Elder, PPTCLasses Admin